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Introduction to Blow Molding

May 9, 2022

 

Introduction to Blow Molding

Blow moulding, also known as blow moulding, is a rapidly developing plastic processing method. The tubular plastic parison obtained by extrusion or injection molding of thermoplastic resin is placed in a split mold while it is hot (or heated to a softened state), and compressed air is introduced into the parison immediately after closing the mold to blow the plastic parison. It expands and sticks closely to the inner wall of the mold, and after cooling and demoulding, various hollow products are obtained. The manufacturing process of blown film is very similar in principle to blow molding of hollow products, but it does not use a mold. From the perspective of plastic processing technology classification, the molding process of blown film is usually included in extrusion. The blow molding process began to be used to produce low density polyethylene vials during World War II. In the late 1950s, with the birth of high-density polyethylene and the development of blow molding machines, blow molding technology was widely used. The volume of hollow containers can reach thousands of liters, and some production has adopted computer control. Plastics suitable for blow molding include polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polyester, etc., and the obtained hollow containers are widely used as industrial packaging containers.

According to the method of making the parison, blow molding can be divided into extrusion blow molding and injection blow molding. The newly developed ones include multi-layer blow molding and stretch blow molding.

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